Diabetes could cut 6 years off your life expectancy, and whether you are fat or slim, you may still be a victim.
How can YOU tell if you are PRE-DIABETIC?
It’s tough because there are no symptoms. Pre-diabetes simply means your blood sugar levels are at the very high end of the normal range, but that is not quite high enough for a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes.
Here in the UK, it is measured using a test called HbA1C, so if your blood sugar is between 6 to 6.4 percent, this is what’s called pre-diabetes (6.5 is officially diabetes).
High blood sugar is the telling sign that your body is producing insulin, which is a hormone and it is no longer able to use this hormone effectively, and that is known as insulin resistance.
Insulin’s job is to mops up excess sugar from the blood and then take it to the cells to use for energy, but when your body becomes insulin resistant, sugar starts to build up in the blood, causing damage to blood vessels and nerves.
The closer your blood sugar readings are to 6.5, the more likely you will start to develop complications because of high blood sugar levels. It’s at this point where the first complications can start, in particular problems with changes to cells at the back of the eye, known as retinopathy, and that could lead to blindness – Symptoms include blurred vision, floaters, and sudden vision loss.
Risk factor for pre-diabetes
It is being suggested that eating too much sugar could be to blame for pre-diabetes, but the evidence is not yet strong enough to say for sure, but the major risk factor for pre-diabetes is having a BMI of 25 and above, especially if you carry fat around your waist (apple shaped)
In truth, anything that makes you put on excess weight is a problem, whatever you actually eat. The reason for this is because fat sits close to the vital organs, including the pancreas, which reduces its ability to produce insulin. Also, another risk factor is your age (40 onwards you risk steadily starts to increase) and Ethnic origin is another risk factor and those of South Asian origin are up to six times more likely to develop pre- diabetes
I’m NOT overweight
Although weight plays an important role in who might develop pre-diabetes, not all people with the condition are overweight – even if you are thin you still could develop pre-diabetes. So if you think you might have pre-diabetes, go online at diabetes.org.uk/risk and start by taking a risk assessment test or go to your pharmacist and ask for a risk assessment.
Read more about Pre-Diabetes here at the Daily Mail